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Fundamentals of Business Administration

The fundamentals of business administration are essential knowledge and concepts necessary for understanding and effectively shaping the processes, organization, and decision-making in a company. They cover various areas such as financing, investment, marketing, human resource management, controlling, and accounting. A solid understanding of business administration fundamentals is crucial for anyone working in management or a leadership position to successfully lead a company and maintain its competitiveness.

The fundamentals of business administration can be divided into various sub-areas, which are explained in more detail below:


Financing deals with the procurement and use of financial resources for the company. It is important to distinguish between different sources of financing, such as equity, debt, and mezzanine financing, and to determine the optimal financial structure for the company. Additionally, liquidity and the assessment of the company's financial stability play important roles.


The area of investment involves making decisions about the use of financial resources. Various investment appraisal methods, such as static and dynamic investment calculations, are applied to assess the profitability of investments and make the optimal investment decision. Additionally, the company's investment policy is analyzed and shaped to secure long-term growth and success potential.


Marketing is concerned with aligning the company with the market and customer needs. This includes analyzing market and competitive situations, developing marketing strategies and concepts, and implementing marketing measures in the areas of product, price, communication, and distribution. The goal of marketing is to achieve high customer satisfaction and thereby gain sustainable competitive advantages.

Human Resource Management

Human resource management deals with the planning, selection, leadership, and development of a company's employees. Aspects such as workforce planning, recruitment, employee development, compensation, and labor law play a role. The goal of human resource management is to promote employee motivation and retention, thereby increasing the company's performance.


Controlling is used for the planning, management, and monitoring of company processes. Various tools such as budgeting, key performance indicators, target-actual comparisons, and deviation analyses are employed. The goal of controlling is to achieve company objectives, ensure economic efficiency, and improve decision-making foundations for management.


Accounting includes the systematic recording, processing, evaluation, and communication of financial information in the company. It is divided into areas such as financial accounting, cost accounting, and performance accounting. Financial accounting is responsible for documenting and monitoring business transactions, cost accounting for determining cost structures and calculation bases, and performance accounting for analyzing success factors and interrelationships.


The fundamentals of business administration are an essential part of the management and leadership of a company. They enable informed decision-making, effective design of company processes, and long-term success in the market. Therefore, it is essential for aspiring leaders and managers to engage intensively with these fundamentals and apply them in practice.